The autonomous cars are becoming gradually, into a reality. And it is that the manufacturers of these new and revolutionary vehicles work daily to obtain advances and innovations in their prototypes. As the insurance comparator Acierto.com explains, the main objective of these companies is to ensure reliable and safe driving, since driver less cars could considerably reduce the number of traffic accidents.
According to data from the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) , last year the number of deaths on Spanish roads increased to 1,806 people , in a total of 102,299 traffic accidents with victims and 138,609 injured. In order to minimize these figures, automakers are developing new functions in vehicles to exclude the driver from duties and reduce irregularities at the wheel. The adaptive cruise control is one of these functions, and can automatically maintain a constant speed on the highway and modify it, without the intervention of the driver, by means of integrated advanced sensors in the car.
The 5 Levels of Autonomous Car Driving
These progressively obtained innovations have led the American Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE) to establish a five-degree scale for autonomous driving, with a sixth degree yet to be determined.
It refers to analog cars that do not have any type of electronic driving aid.
This is the new generation of cars that include automation such as automatic emergency braking, anti-blind angle mirrors, lane departure warning and cruise control.
Also known as “partial automation”, it refers to vehicles that, through a camera, activate emergency braking automatically, read the white lines and calculate distances with precision. In automation level 2, the driver is responsible for the vehicle and must put his hands on the wheel . In today’s market, we can find different cars that include up to a level 2 of autonomous driving.
This level includes autonomous overtaking, so the vehicle automatically activates the turn signal, changes lanes, passes and returns to the line. This level allows the steering wheel to be released in urban and motorway traffic jams at speeds below 60 km / h. Level 3 is ready in China and the United States, although it will not arrive in Europe until the end of 2020. At this level, the driver remains responsible, although he can perform certain actions, such as talking on the phone.
This level includes cars that convert the driver into a passenger, since technology exempts him from any responsibility. In automation level 4 the driver can ride in the rear seats or even fall asleep. The first vehicles with this level are planned for 2021, although they will probably only be operational in certain scenarios and under supervision.
It is about full automation, in which vehicles without a steering wheel or pedals come into play. According to the European Parliament, from the year 2030, we could begin to know the true level 5 autonomous driving.
Self-driving Cars in Europe
Europe already has several projects working on the development of autonomous vehicles, such as Informix, a project made up of eleven European companies and institutions that seeks to design, update and test physical and digital elements of road infrastructure for so-called traffic mixed. Informix aims to study the communication between cars and the road, both equipped with 5G communication sensors and antennas, to create uninterrupted, safe and efficient traffic. You can visit here if you’re looking to Buy Autonomous used car in Kenya.
Another similar project is Autoctises, which aims to contribute to the adaptation of regulations, address the links between connectivity and the automotive industry and adapt infrastructures to autonomous driving. This project has already been implemented in Lisbon, Paris and Madrid.